本附录描述了 Spring Boot 提供的用于测试应用程序切片的 @…Test 自动配置注解.

1. 测试切片

下表列出了各种可用于测试应用程序片的 @…Test 注解以及它们默认情况下导入的自动配置:

Test slice Imported auto-configuration

@DataJdbcTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.jdbc.JdbcRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.flyway.FlywayAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.JdbcTemplateAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.liquibase.LiquibaseAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.jdbc.TestDatabaseAutoConfiguration

@DataJpaTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.jpa.JpaRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.flyway.FlywayAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.JdbcTemplateAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.liquibase.LiquibaseAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.HibernateJpaAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.jdbc.TestDatabaseAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.orm.jpa.TestEntityManagerAutoConfiguration

@DataLdapTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.ldap.LdapRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.ldap.LdapAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.ldap.embedded.EmbeddedLdapAutoConfiguration

@DataMongoTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoDataAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoReactiveDataAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoReactiveRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.mongo.MongoRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mongo.MongoAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mongo.MongoReactiveAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mongo.embedded.EmbeddedMongoAutoConfiguration

@DataNeo4jTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.neo4j.Neo4jDataAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.neo4j.Neo4jRepositoriesAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration

@DataRedisTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.redis.RedisAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.redis.RedisRepositoriesAutoConfiguration

@JdbcTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.flyway.FlywayAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.JdbcTemplateAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.liquibase.LiquibaseAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.jdbc.TestDatabaseAutoConfiguration

@JooqTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.flyway.FlywayAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jdbc.DataSourceTransactionManagerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jooq.JooqAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.liquibase.LiquibaseAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.transaction.TransactionAutoConfiguration

@JsonTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.gson.GsonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jackson.JacksonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jsonb.JsonbAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.json.JsonTestersAutoConfiguration

@RestClientTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.gson.GsonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.http.HttpMessageConvertersAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.http.codec.CodecsAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jackson.JacksonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jsonb.JsonbAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.client.RestTemplateAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.reactive.function.client.WebClientAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.client.MockRestServiceServerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.client.WebClientRestTemplateAutoConfiguration

@WebFluxTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.context.MessageSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.freemarker.FreeMarkerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.gson.GsonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.http.codec.CodecsAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jackson.JacksonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jsonb.JsonbAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mustache.MustacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.reactive.ReactiveSecurityAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.reactive.ReactiveUserDetailsServiceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.thymeleaf.ThymeleafAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.validation.ValidationAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.reactive.WebFluxAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.reactive.error.ErrorWebFluxAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.reactive.WebTestClientAutoConfiguration

@WebMvcTest

org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.cache.CacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.context.MessageSourceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.data.web.SpringDataWebAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.freemarker.FreeMarkerAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.groovy.template.GroovyTemplateAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.gson.GsonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.hateoas.HypermediaAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.http.HttpMessageConvertersAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jackson.JacksonAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.jsonb.JsonbAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.mustache.MustacheAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.SecurityAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.SecurityFilterAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.security.servlet.UserDetailsServiceAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.task.TaskExecutionAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.thymeleaf.ThymeleafAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.validation.ValidationAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.servlet.WebMvcAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.autoconfigure.web.servlet.error.ErrorMvcAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcSecurityConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcWebClientAutoConfiguration org.springframework.boot.test.autoconfigure.web.servlet.MockMvcWebDriverAutoConfiguration